Article 5122

Title of the article

Odontometric parameters in men of mature age with different face types 

Authors

Oleg V. Kalmin, Doctor of medical sciences, professor, head of the sub-department of human anatomy, Medical Institute, Penza State University (40 Krasnaya street, Penza, Russia), E-mail: kalmin_ov@pnzgu.ru
Ekaterina A. Koretskaya, Senior lecturer of the sub-department of dentistry, Medical Institute, Penza State University (40 Krasnaya street, Penza, Russia), E-mail: Kat3974@yandex.ru
Elena V. Goryacheva, Assistant of the sub-department of dentistry, Medical Institute, Penza State University (40 Krasnaya street, Penza, Russia), E-mail: Alen85ka@yandex.ru 

Abstract

Background. The study of odontometric indicators is relevant for the development and improvement of new methods of diagnosis and prediction of dental diseases. The purpose of the work was to study the odontometric parameters in men of mature age with different face types. Materials and methods. Odontometric and cephalometric parameters were studied in 103 men aged from 22 to 60 years. The height of the clinical crown, mesiodistal and vestibulo-lingual diameters of the crowns, zygomatic diameter and morphological height of the face were measured, followed by the calculation of the crown modulus and facial index by Garson. Results. In mature men with a medium-wide type of face, the modulus of the teeth crown is statistically significantly greater than in men with a narrow type of face at the canines of the upper and lower jaw, at the upper lateral incisors, at the second upper premolars, at the molars of the upper and lower jaw and at the second lower right molars by 2,94-5,34 %. The modulus of the crown in men with a wide type of face is greater than with a narrow face in the lateral upper incisors, in the second upper premolars on the right, in the molars of the upper jaw, in the second lower premolars and in the second molars of the lower jaw on the right by 2,50-6,59 %, p<0,05. In men with a mediumwide type of face, the crown modulus is statistically significantly less than with a wide type of face in the second premolars of the lower jaw and in the first premolars of the upper jaw on the left by 2,25-5,64 %. Conclusions. On the basis of odontometric and cephalometric studies, a comparative characteristic of the size of the crowns of teeth, depending on the type of face, is given. It is established that the parameters of odontometry have features depending on the type of face. 

Key words

odontometry, type of face, euryprosopal type of face, leptoprosopal type of face, mesoprosopal type of face 

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For citation:

Kalmin O.V., Koretskaya E.A., Goryacheva E.V. Odontometric parameters in men of mature age with different face types. Izvestiya vysshikh uchebnykh zavedeniy. Povolzhskiy region. Meditsinskie nauki = University proceedings. Volga region. Medical sciences. 2022;(1):50–61. (In Russ.). doi:10.21685/2072-3032-2022-1-5

 

Дата создания: 06.04.2022 14:20
Дата обновления: 06.04.2022 15:04